struct StaticArray(T, N)

Overview

A fixed-size, stack allocated array.

Included Modules

Defined in:

static_array.cr

Constructors

Instance Method Summary

Macro Summary

Instance methods inherited from module Indexable(T)

[](index : Int) [], []?(index : Int) []?, at(index : Int, &block)
at(index : Int)
at
, bsearch(&block) bsearch, bsearch_index(&block) bsearch_index, each(&block)
each
each
, each_index(&block) : Nil
each_index
each_index
, empty? empty?, equals?(other : Indexable, &block)
equals?(other, &block)
equals?
, first(&block)
first
first
, first? first?, hash(hasher) hash, index(object, offset : Int = 0)
index(offset : Int = 0, &block)
index
, last
last(&block)
last
, last? last?, reverse_each(&block) : Nil
reverse_each
reverse_each
, rindex(offset = size - 1, &block)
rindex(value, offset = size - 1)
rindex
, sample(random = Random::DEFAULT) sample, size size, unsafe_at(index : Int) unsafe_at, values_at(*indexes : Int) values_at, zip(other : Indexable, &block)
zip(other : Indexable(U)) forall U
zip
, zip?(other : Indexable, &block)
zip?(other : Indexable(U)) forall U
zip?

Instance methods inherited from module Enumerable(T)

all?(&block)
all?
all?
, any?(&block)
any?
any?
, chunks(&block : T -> U) forall U chunks, compact_map(&block) compact_map, count(&block)
count(item)
count
, cycle(n, &block)
cycle(&block)
cycle
, each(&block : T -> _) each, each_cons(count : Int, reuse = false, &block) each_cons, each_slice(count : Int, reuse = false, &block) each_slice, each_with_index(offset = 0, &block) each_with_index, each_with_object(obj, &block) each_with_object, find(if_none = nil, &block) find, first(count : Int)
first
first
, first? first?, flat_map(&block : T -> Array(U) | Iterator(U) | U) forall U flat_map, grep(pattern) grep, group_by(&block : T -> U) forall U group_by, in_groups_of(size : Int, filled_up_with : U = nil) forall U
in_groups_of(size : Int, filled_up_with : U = nil, reuse = false, &block) forall U
in_groups_of
, includes?(obj) includes?, index(&block)
index(obj)
index
, index_by(&block : T -> U) forall U index_by, join(separator, io)
join(separator = "")
join(separator, io, &block)
join(separator = "", &block)
join
, map(&block : T -> U) forall U map, map_with_index(&block : T, Int32 -> U) forall U map_with_index, max max, max? max?, max_by(&block : T -> U) forall U max_by, max_by?(&block : T -> U) forall U max_by?, max_of(&block : T -> U) forall U max_of, max_of?(&block : T -> U) forall U max_of?, min min, min? min?, min_by(&block : T -> U) forall U min_by, min_by?(&block : T -> U) forall U min_by?, min_of(&block : T -> U) forall U min_of, min_of?(&block : T -> U) forall U min_of?, minmax minmax, minmax? minmax?, minmax_by(&block : T -> U) forall U minmax_by, minmax_by?(&block : T -> U) forall U minmax_by?, minmax_of(&block : T -> U) forall U minmax_of, minmax_of?(&block : T -> U) forall U minmax_of?, none?(&block)
none?
none?
, one?(&block) one?, partition(&block) partition, product(&block)
product(initial : Number, &block)
product
product(initial : Number)
product
, reduce(&block)
reduce(memo, &block)
reduce
, reject(&block : T -> ) reject, select(&block : T -> ) select, size size, skip(count : Int) skip, skip_while(&block) skip_while, sum(initial)
sum
sum(initial, &block)
sum(&block)
sum
, take_while(&block) take_while, to_a to_a, to_h to_h, to_set to_set

Instance methods inherited from module Iterable(T)

chunk(reuse = false, &block : T -> U) forall U chunk, cycle(n)
cycle
cycle
, each each, each_cons(count : Int, reuse = false) each_cons, each_slice(count : Int, reuse = false) each_slice, each_with_index(offset = 0) each_with_index, each_with_object(obj) each_with_object

Instance methods inherited from struct Value

==(other) ==, dup dup

Instance methods inherited from class Object

!=(other) !=, !~(other) !~, ==(other) ==, ===(other : JSON::Any)
===(other : YAML::Any)
===(other)
===
, =~(other) =~, class class, dup dup, hash(hasher)
hash
hash
, inspect(io : IO)
inspect
inspect
, itself itself, not_nil! not_nil!, pretty_inspect(width = 79, newline = "\n", indent = 0) : String pretty_inspect, pretty_print(pp : PrettyPrint) : Nil pretty_print, tap(&block) tap, to_json(io : IO)
to_json
to_json
, to_pretty_json(indent : String = " ")
to_pretty_json(io : IO, indent : String = " ")
to_pretty_json
, to_s
to_s(io : IO)
to_s
, to_yaml(io : IO)
to_yaml
to_yaml
, try(&block) try, unsafe_as(type : T.class) forall T unsafe_as

Constructor methods inherited from class Object

from_json(string_or_io, root : String) : self
from_json(string_or_io) : self
from_json
, from_yaml(string_or_io) : self from_yaml

Constructor Detail

def self.new(&block : Int32 -> T) #

Creates a new static array and invokes the block once for each index of the array, assigning the block's value in that index.

StaticArray(Int32, 3).new { |i| i * 2 } # => StaticArray[0, 2, 4]

[View source]
def self.new(value : T) #

Creates a new static array filled with the given value.

StaticArray(Int32, 3).new(42) # => StaticArray[42, 42, 42]

[View source]

Instance Method Detail

def ==(other : StaticArray) #

Equality. Returns true if each element in self is equal to each corresponding element in other.

array = StaticArray(Int32, 3).new 0  # => StaticArray[0, 0, 0]
array2 = StaticArray(Int32, 3).new 0 # => StaticArray[0, 0, 0]
array3 = StaticArray(Int32, 3).new 1 # => StaticArray[1, 1, 1]
array == array2                      # => true
array == array3                      # => false

[View source]
def ==(other) #

Equality with another object. Always returns false.

array = StaticArray(Int32, 3).new 0 # => StaticArray[0, 0, 0]
array == nil                        # => false

[View source]
def []=(index : Int, value : T) #

Sets the given value at the given index.

Negative indices can be used to start counting from the end of the array. Raises IndexError if trying to set an element outside the array's range.

array = StaticArray(Int32, 3).new { |i| i + 1 } # => StaticArray[1, 2, 3]
array[2] = 2                                    # => 2
array                                           # => StaticArray[1, 2, 2]
array[4] = 4                                    # raises IndexError

[View source]
def []=(value : T) #

Fills the array by substituting all elements with the given value.

array = StaticArray(Int32, 3).new { |i| i + 1 }
array.[]= 2 # => nil
array       # => StaticArray[2, 2, 2]

[View source]
def clone #

Returns a new StaticArray where each element is cloned from elements in self.


[View source]
def map!(&block) #

Invokes the given block for each element of self, replacing the element with the value returned by the block. Returns self.

array = StaticArray(Int32, 3).new { |i| i + 1 }
array.map! { |x| x*x } # => StaticArray[1, 4, 9]

[View source]
def map_with_index!(&block : T, Int32 -> T) #

Like map, but the block gets passed both the element and its index.


[View source]
def pretty_print(pp) #

[View source]
def reverse! #

Reverses the elements of this array in-place, then returns self.

array = StaticArray(Int32, 3).new { |i| i + 1 }
array.reverse! # => StaticArray[3, 2, 1]

[View source]
def shuffle!(random = Random::DEFAULT) #

Modifies self by randomizing the order of elements in the array using the given random number generator. Returns self.

a = StaticArray(Int32, 3).new { |i| i + 1 } # => StaticArray[1, 2, 3]
a.shuffle!(Random.new(42))                  # => StaticArray[3, 2, 1]
a                                           # => StaticArray[3, 2, 1]

[View source]
def size #

Returns the size of self

array = StaticArray(Int32, 3).new { |i| i + 1 }
array.size # => 3

[View source]
def to_s(io : IO) #

Appends a string representation of this static array to the given IO.

array = StaticArray(Int32, 3).new { |i| i + 1 }
array.to_s # => "StaticArray[1, 2, 3]"

[View source]
def to_slice #

Returns a slice that points to the elements of this static array. Changes made to the returned slice also affect this static array.

array = StaticArray(Int32, 3).new(2)
slice = array.to_slice # => Slice[2, 2, 2]
slice[0] = 3
array # => StaticArray[3, 2, 2]

[View source]
def to_unsafe : Pointer(T) #

Returns a pointer to this static array's data.

ary = StaticArray(Int32, 3).new(42)
ary.to_unsafe[0] # => 42

[View source]
def unsafe_at(index : Int) #

[View source]
def update(index : Int, &block) #

Yields the current element at the given index and updates the value at the given index with the block's value. Raises IndexError if trying to set an element outside the array's range.

array = StaticArray(Int32, 3).new { |i| i + 1 } # => StaticArray[1, 2, 3]
array.update(1) { |x| x * 2 }                   # => 4
array                                           # => StaticArray[1, 4, 3]
array.update(5) { |x| x * 2 }                   # raises IndexError

[View source]

Macro Detail

macro [](*args) #

Create a new StaticArray with the given args. The type of the static array will be the union of the type of the given args, and its size will be the number of elements in args.

ary = StaticArray[1, 'a']
ary[0]    # => 1
ary[1]    # => 'a'
ary.class # => StaticArray(Char | Int32, 2)

See also: Number.static_array.


[View source]