module MIME::Multipart

Overview

The MIME::Multipart module contains utilities for parsing MIME multipart messages, which contain multiple body parts, each containing a header section and binary body. The multipart/form-data content-type has a separate set of utilities in the HTTP::FormData module.

Defined in:

mime/multipart/builder.cr
mime/multipart/parser.cr
mime/multipart.cr

Class Method Summary

Class Method Detail

def self.build(io : IO, boundary : String = Multipart.generate_boundary, &block) #

Yields a Multipart::Builder to the given block, writing to io and using boundary. #finish is automatically called on the builder.


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def self.build(boundary : String = Multipart.generate_boundary, &block) #

Yields a Multipart::Builder to the given block, returning the generated message as a String.


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def self.generate_boundary : String #

Returns a unique string suitable for use as a multipart boundary.

require "mime/multipart"

MIME::Multipart.generate_boundary # => "---------------------------dQu6bXHYb4m5zrRC3xPTGwV"

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def self.parse(io, boundary, &block) #

Parses a MIME multipart message, yielding HTTP::Headers and an IO for each body part.

Please note that the IO object yielded to the block is only valid while the block is executing. The IO is closed as soon as the supplied block returns.

require "mime/multipart"

multipart = "--aA40\r\nContent-Type: text/plain\r\n\r\nbody\r\n--aA40--"
MIME::Multipart.parse(IO::Memory.new(multipart), "aA40") do |headers, io|
  headers["Content-Type"] # => "text/plain"
  io.gets_to_end          # => "body"
end

See: Multipart::Parser


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def self.parse(request : HTTP::Request, &block) #

Parses a MIME multipart message, yielding HTTP::Headers and an IO for each body part.

Please note that the IO object yielded to the block is only valid while the block is executing. The IO is closed as soon as the supplied block returns.

require "http"
require "mime/multipart"

headers = HTTP::Headers{"Content-Type" => "multipart/mixed; boundary=aA40"}
body = "--aA40\r\nContent-Type: text/plain\r\n\r\nbody\r\n--aA40--"
request = HTTP::Request.new("POST", "/", headers, body)

MIME::Multipart.parse(request) do |headers, io|
  headers["Content-Type"] # => "text/plain"
  io.gets_to_end          # => "body"
end

See: Multipart::Parser


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def self.parse_boundary(content_type) #

Extracts the multipart boundary from the Content-Type header. May return nil is the boundary was not found.

require "mime/multipart"

MIME::Multipart.parse_boundary("multipart/mixed; boundary=\"abcde\"") # => "abcde"

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