class Channel(T)

Overview

A Channel enables concurrent communication between fibers.

They allow communicating data between fibers without sharing memory and without having to worry about locks, semaphores or other special structures.

channel = Channel(Int32).new

spawn do
  channel.send(0)
  channel.send(1)
end

channel.receive # => 0
channel.receive # => 1

NOTE Although a Channel(Nil) or any other nilable types like Channel(Int32?) are valid they are discouraged since from certain methods or constructs it receiving a nil as data will be indistinguishable from a closed channel.

Defined in:

channel.cr

Constructors

Class Method Summary

Instance Method Summary

Instance methods inherited from class Reference

==(other : self)
==(other : JSON::Any)
==(other : YAML::Any)
==(other)
==
, dup dup, hash(hasher) hash, inspect(io : IO) : Nil inspect, object_id : UInt64 object_id, pretty_print(pp) : Nil pretty_print, same?(other : Reference)
same?(other : Nil)
same?
, to_s(io : IO) : Nil to_s

Constructor methods inherited from class Reference

new new

Instance methods inherited from class Object

! : Bool !, !=(other) !=, !~(other) !~, ==(other) ==, ===(other : JSON::Any)
===(other : YAML::Any)
===(other)
===
, =~(other) =~, as(type : Class) as, as?(type : Class) as?, class class, dup dup, hash(hasher)
hash
hash
, in?(collection) : Bool
in?(*values : Object) : Bool
in?
, inspect(io : IO) : Nil
inspect : String
inspect
, is_a?(type : Class) : Bool is_a?, itself itself, nil? : Bool nil?, not_nil! not_nil!, pretty_inspect(width = 79, newline = "\n", indent = 0) : String pretty_inspect, pretty_print(pp : PrettyPrint) : Nil pretty_print, responds_to?(name : Symbol) : Bool responds_to?, tap(&) tap, to_json(io : IO)
to_json
to_json
, to_pretty_json(indent : String = " ")
to_pretty_json(io : IO, indent : String = " ")
to_pretty_json
, to_s(io : IO) : Nil
to_s : String
to_s
, to_yaml(io : IO)
to_yaml
to_yaml
, try(&) try, unsafe_as(type : T.class) forall T unsafe_as

Class methods inherited from class Object

from_json(string_or_io, root : String)
from_json(string_or_io)
from_json
, from_yaml(string_or_io : String | IO) from_yaml

Constructor Detail

def self.new(capacity = 0) #

[View source]

Class Method Detail

def self.receive_first(channels : Tuple | Array) #

[View source]
def self.receive_first(*channels) #

[View source]
def self.send_first(value, channels : Tuple | Array) #

[View source]
def self.send_first(value, *channels) #

[View source]

Instance Method Detail

def close : Bool #

Closes the channel. The method prevents any new value from being sent to / received from the channel. All fibers blocked in #send or #receive will be awakened with Channel::ClosedError

Both awaiting and subsequent calls to #send will consider the channel closed. All items successfully sent to the channel can be received, before #receive considers the channel closed. Calling #close on a closed channel does not have any effect.

It returns true when the channel was successfully closed, or false if it was already closed.


[View source]
def closed? #

[View source]
def inspect(io : IO) : Nil #
Description copied from class Reference

Appends a String representation of this object which includes its class name, its object address and the values of all instance variables.

class Person
  def initialize(@name : String, @age : Int32)
  end
end

Person.new("John", 32).inspect # => #<Person:0x10fd31f20 @name="John", @age=32>

[View source]
def pretty_print(pp) #

[View source]
def receive : T #

Receives a value from the channel. If there is a value waiting, then it is returned immediately. Otherwise, this method blocks until a value is sent to the channel.

Raises ClosedError if the channel is closed or closes while waiting for receive.

channel = Channel(Int32).new
spawn do
  channel.send(1)
end
channel.receive # => 1

[View source]
def receive? : T? #

Receives a value from the channel. If there is a value waiting, it is returned immediately. Otherwise, this method blocks until a value is sent to the channel.

Returns nil if the channel is closed or closes while waiting for receive.


[View source]
def send(value : T) #

Sends a value to the channel. If the channel has spare capacity, then the method returns immediately. Otherwise, this method blocks the calling fiber until another fiber calls #receive on the channel.

Raises ClosedError if the channel is closed or closes while waiting on a full channel.


[View source]