struct ReferenceStorage(T)


a ReferenceStorage(T) provides the minimum storage for the instance data of an object of type T. The compiler guarantees that sizeof(ReferenceStorage(T)) == instance_sizeof(T) and alignof(ReferenceStorage(T)) == instance_alignof(T) always hold, which means Pointer(ReferenceStorage(T)) and T are binary-compatible.

T must be a non-union reference type.

WARNING ReferenceStorage is only necessary for manual memory management, such as creating instances of T with a non-default allocator. Therefore, this type is unsafe and no public constructors are defined.

WARNING ReferenceStorage is unsuitable when instances of T require more than instance_sizeof(T) bytes, such as String and Log::Metadata.

EXPERIMENTAL This type's API is still under development. Join the discussion about custom reference allocation at #13481.

Defined in:

Instance Method Summary

Instance methods inherited from struct Value

==(other : JSON::Any)
==(other : YAML::Any)
, dup dup

Instance methods inherited from class Object

! : Bool !, !=(other) !=, !~(other) !~, ==(other) ==, ===(other : JSON::Any)
===(other : YAML::Any)
, =~(other) =~, as(type : Class) as, as?(type : Class) as?, class class, dup dup, hash(hasher)
, in?(collection : Object) : Bool
in?(*values : Object) : Bool
, inspect(io : IO) : Nil
inspect : String
, is_a?(type : Class) : Bool is_a?, itself itself, nil? : Bool nil?, not_nil!(message)
, pretty_inspect(width = 79, newline = "\n", indent = 0) : String pretty_inspect, pretty_print(pp : PrettyPrint) : Nil pretty_print, responds_to?(name : Symbol) : Bool responds_to?, tap(&) tap, to_json(io : IO) : Nil
to_json : String
, to_pretty_json(indent : String = " ") : String
to_pretty_json(io : IO, indent : String = " ") : Nil
, to_s(io : IO) : Nil
to_s : String
, to_yaml(io : IO) : Nil
to_yaml : String
, try(&) try, unsafe_as(type : T.class) forall T unsafe_as

Class methods inherited from class Object

from_json(string_or_io, root : String)
, from_yaml(string_or_io : String | IO) from_yaml

Macros inherited from class Object

class_getter(*names, &block) class_getter, class_getter!(*names) class_getter!, class_getter?(*names, &block) class_getter?, class_property(*names, &block) class_property, class_property!(*names) class_property!, class_property?(*names, &block) class_property?, class_setter(*names) class_setter, def_clone def_clone, def_equals(*fields) def_equals, def_equals_and_hash(*fields) def_equals_and_hash, def_hash(*fields) def_hash, delegate(*methods, to object) delegate, forward_missing_to(delegate) forward_missing_to, getter(*names, &block) getter, getter!(*names) getter!, getter?(*names, &block) getter?, property(*names, &block) property, property!(*names) property!, property?(*names, &block) property?, setter(*names) setter

Instance Method Detail

def ==(other : ReferenceStorage(T)) : Bool #

Returns whether self and other are bytewise equal.

NOTE This does not call T#==, so it works even if self or other does not represent a valid instance of T. If validity is guaranteed, call to_reference == other.to_reference instead to use T#==.

[View source]
def ==(other) : Bool #
Description copied from struct Value

Returns false.

[View source]
def hash(hasher) #
Description copied from class Object

Appends this object's value to hasher, and returns the modified hasher.

Usually the macro def_hash can be used to generate this method. Otherwise, invoke #hash(hasher) on each object's instance variables to accumulate the result:

def hash(hasher)
  hasher = @some_ivar.hash(hasher)
  hasher = @some_other_ivar.hash(hasher)

[View source]
def to_reference : T #

Returns a T whose instance data refers to self.

WARNING The caller is responsible for ensuring that the instance data is correctly initialized and outlives the returned T.

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def to_s(io : IO) : Nil #
Description copied from class Object

Prints a nicely readable and concise string representation of this object, typically intended for users, to io.

This method is called when an object is interpolated in a string literal:

"foo #{bar} baz" # calls bar.to_io with the builder for this string

IO#<< calls this method to append an object to itself:

io << bar # calls bar.to_s(io)

Thus implementations must not interpolate self in a string literal or call io << self which both would lead to an endless loop.

Also see #inspect(IO).

[View source]